Cancer is still considered the most deadly and dangerous disease. However, in fact now there are many cancer patients who have successfully undergone treatment well and finally released from the cancer trap. One key is to detect cancer early. How to?
Can all types of cancer be detected early?
Detecting cancer early has been shown to increase the success rate of patients who recover. Not only does it make cancer treatment easier and more effective, it can also prevent cancer cells from spreading to other parts of the body.
Although many people fear because it is considered deadly, basically all cancer can be detected early. This really needs special attention because you have to do several things, including medical tests.
Then, how to detect cancer early?
1. Perform an inspection
There are several medical examinations that must be done regularly, such as mammography for breast cancer, pap smears for cervical cancer, and colonoscopy for colon cancer. All of these types of checks must actually be done at least once a year. Moreover, the more you age, the greater your risk of getting cancer.
Some medical examinations that can be done routinely to detect cancer are:
- Pap smear, which can be started on women aged 21-65 years
- Mammography is recommended to be carried out routinely by women who are 40 years old.
- CT scan, this examination is usually included if you do a complete check-up at the hospital. This is highly recommended for active smokers who are at high risk for lung cancer.
If you are confused about what tests should be done to detect cancer, you can consult a doctor. The doctor will recommend what type of medical examination is right for you and when to do it.
2. Know your family history, has anyone ever had cancer
Knowing your family history, in this case your medical history, is important so that you are more vigilant if indeed one of your family members has cancer. Family history is one of the risk factors of all types of cancer.
However, in some cancers, such as breast cancer, it has been proven that this cancer can be passed down to previous generations. While other cancers have not been proven. Therefore, if you know your family history to grandparents, even great-grandparents, this can be a ‘warning’ for you.
3. Know your body, and do the examination yourself
You are the first person to be aware of differences or changes that occur in your own body. Some types of solid cancer, usually cause lumps or swelling.
If you find any part of your body that swells suddenly, do not underestimate it. you should immediately consult a doctor.
In addition to swelling, other symptoms to watch out for such as sudden bruising on the surface of the body or bleeding, whether it’s bleeding or bleeding gums. These symptoms usually appear in blood cancer.
For you women, you also have to get used to doing breast self-examination, which is the act of examining your own breasts to detect breast cancer. By knowing the changes that occur in the body, it is not impossible that cancer will be known early.
4. Control other risk factors
Another thing you can do is control the risk factors that can make you vulnerable to cancer. It’s not difficult, you just need to change your lifestyle to be healthier and leave bad habits, such as:
Quit smoking. being an active smoker will only put you at high risk for various types of cancer.
Prevent skin cancer by using sunscreen.
Do not drink too many alcoholic drinks, because it will increase the risk of liver cancer.
Finally, to prevent various types of cancer, you must choose healthy foods and exercise regularly.