Do you often complain of vaginal pain and severe pain? This condition is called medical vulvodynia, which is pain, tenderness, itching, or heat in the vulva or area around the vagina.
For some women, vulvodynia creates chronic pain that is quite troublesome so that it affects the ability to have sex, ride a bicycle, use pads, sit long, until when wearing tight pants. So, how to deal with pain around the vagina? Read on to learn about vulvodynia treatment in this article.
Causes of vulvodynia
Keep in mind, until now the doctors do not know the exact cause of vulvodynia. However, reproductive health experts say that vulvodynia is not transmitted by sexual contact, and is also not a sign of cancer. That is why, the cause of this condition is still being studied.
But there are several factors that can play a role in making the vagina ache and aching, including:
- Injury or irritation of nerves in the area around the vulva
- Vaginal infections
- Allergy or local skin hypersensitivity
- Hormonal changes
Treatment of vulvodynia to relieve vaginal aches and pains
Vulvodynia is difficult to treat because there are no identifiable causes. Even so, there are still a number of treatments available to relieve the symptoms of pain from this condition. In addition, the care offered to each woman may vary. So do not be surprised, if there are women who may need weeks or even months to carry out this treatment. These treatment options include:
Some pain medication such as steroids, tricyclic antidepressants or anticonvulsants can help reduce chronic pain. In addition, antihistamine drugs can also reduce itching in the area around the vagina.
2. Biofeedback therapy
Biofeedback therapy is a therapy that can help reduce pain by teaching sufferers to control the body’s response to certain stimuli. The purpose of biofeedback is to help patients relax and reduce the sensation of pain.
For patients who experience pain in the vaginal area, biofeedback therapy can teach patients how to relax tense pelvic muscles because they interact with chronic pain. So that patients are expected to be able to anticipate pain so as not to feel chronic pain by strengthening their pelvic floor.
3. Local anesthesia
Medications, such as lidocaine ointment, can provide temporary relief to relieve symptoms. Your doctor may recommend using lidocaine 30 minutes before intercourse to reduce discomfort. If you use lidocaine ointment, your partner may also experience temporary numbness after sexual contact.
4. Nerve block
Treatment for women who have long experienced pain in the vagina and does not improve after making some of the treatment options mentioned above, you can do a local nerve block injection. Consult a doctor first before doing this action.
5. Pelvic floor therapy
Generally women who experience vulvodynia have problems with pelvic floor muscles. The pelvic floor muscles are muscles that support the uterus, bladder and intestines. Exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles can help relieve the pain around the vagina caused by vulvodynia.
According to a recent study in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, acupuncture may be effective in helping to reduce the pain of vulvodynia and improve sexual function.
Excessive stress and extreme pain due to feeling pain in the vagina, for some women will have an impact on how he processes pain in his brain. So one of the goals of doing psychotherapy is to reduce the severity of pain and reduce the impact of pain. Especially to improve sexual relations.
According to a study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, psychotherapy turned out to be an effective way to reduce sexual pain or improve female sexual function.
Surgery is a last resort when a variety of treatments are no longer effective to relieve pain in the vaginal area. In cases where the affected area involves a small area (local vulvodynia, vulva vestibulitis), surgery to remove the affected skin and tissue can reduce pain in some women. The surgical procedure is known as vestibulectomy.
9. Care at home
In addition to the treatments outlined above, vulvodynia treatment can also be done at home to reduce symptoms or prevent symptoms from recurring. The following vulvodynia treatments that you can do at home, namely:
- Wear detergent clothing that is in accordance with doctor’s recommendations and does not irritate.
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Do not use feminine cleansing soap, sanitary pads, tampons, or contraceptive creams that contain perfume or harsh chemicals.
- Use pants and clothes made from loose and not tight (do not use stockings).
- Try to keep the vulva area clean and dry.
- Avoid swimming in pools that contain lots of chlorine.
- Wash the vagina with warm water.
- Do Kegel exercises.